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Plants are like every other living thing that grows, lives, and reproduces. All types of plants follow a life cycle that starts new, grows to maturity, and then reproduces more plants, starting off as a seed and growing all the way up to a fully developed plant. While every plant is different in its own way, all plants and flowers go through a similar life cycle.
Think of seeds as baby plants. These tiny seeds hold the embryo of the plant, while an outer coating keeps it safe and protected. These seeds eventually get dispersed naturally over the land. They can be dispersed by waterway, float through the air, or be carried by animals or humans. Once they fall onto soil that has the nutrients they need, the seeds start to germinate, which begins their life. Once the soil is perfect, the seed begins to germinate by breaking the outer coating. Soon, it grows roots and then leaves. When you see green stems or leaves coming from a seed, it is known as a seedling.
Once the seedling has sprouted from the seed, the plant can begin to grow to its full maturity. All plants require water, soil, and sunlight to grow. But every plant has its own unique requirements depending on the environment, temperature, and other factors where it lives. As a plant begins to mature, it grows deeper and stronger roots. Trees and larger plants will begin to grow thicker branches and more leaves. Once the plant has reached this stage, it can begin to produce new seeds or flowers.
Once a plant becomes mature it can start producing pollen and making flowers. Pollen can travel through the air when the wind blows, or it can be carried by bees and other insects and birds. When the pollen reaches something called an ovary or female part of the plant, it fertilizes the cells inside. This fertilization produces new seeds, and the plant life cycle can begin all over again. The new seeds are then dispersed, beginning brand new plant life in new locations. Gardeners or farmers will often harvest seeds so humans can grow them in contained areas.
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